What is Diesel Exhaust Fluid? Who needs it?

Here are a few quizzes:

When will emissions rules produce better trucks?

If you answered, “What about the 2008 Clean Air Act Standard or the Clean Air Act Standard”, you can stop reading. You probably already know everything in this post.

For the rest of you, the answer is, “When it becomes clear that diesel exhaust, or DEF, is an important part of the solution to emissions problems.

Everyone who’s ever driven behind an older bus or semi-belching smoke and diesel exhaust knows the problem: Diesel engines are dirty and smelly.

That’s the price we pay for power and torque that the gasoline engine can not be the same.

DEF brought the price down.

This is the reason.

Diesel Penalty …
The combustion takes place on the gasoline engine cylinder when the spark ignites a mixture of fuel and air.

A diesel does not use sparks. Instead, it greatly compresses the slimmer air fuel mixture.

This is a high level of compression that causes the fuel to ignite.

Unfortunately, the compression ignition process also produces higher emissions of harmful nitrogen (NO) and particulate oxides.

… And the solution
To meet air quality standards that call for lower NO levels, manufacturers adopt an approach called “selective catalytic reduction,” or SCR.

With SCR, a small amount of liquid is sprayed into the exhaust stream. The chemical reactions that occur convert NO emissions into nitrogen and harmless water.

Actually, coming out of a solar exhaust using an SCR may be cleaner than going into the machine in the first place.

That’s very helpful in 2010. It’s important in 2017 when regulations call for a 90% reduction in the allowable nitrous oxide from the muffler.

The magic responsible for the reduction is DEF: a 32.5% ammonia solution in ionized water. And it is a powerful (and somewhat misunderstood) solution to a serious problem.

What you need to know
DEF lives in a reservoir in your vehicle, which usually accommodates about five gallons.

In GM’s heavy duty truck, customers get about 1,000 miles per gallon of DEF. Heavy transport or towing can increase the level of DEF consumption as well as on fuel.

In consumer vehicles, DEF can be consumed at a speed of about 2.5 gallons per 800 miles of driving.

DEF tank must be kept at least partially full at any time. Many diesel engines will not operate more than 4-5 MPH if the tank dries. Other people will not run away at all.

Fortunately, it should not be a problem, as most manufacturers provide gauges, digital readings or “low-level liquid” warnings on IP.

And keep the tank terminated easily and relatively cheaply.

Manufacturers have built DEF services into their scheduled maintenance specifications. So the liquid can be terminated when the owner brings their vehicle to a scheduled service.

And DIY-ers can easily maintain their own DEF level, just like a washing machine fluid. The liquid is readily available at dealerships, truck stops and auto parts, usually around $ 5 / gallon.

Truck stops often have DEF pumps on their fuel island.

Reversed
Perhaps the biggest misconception about DEF is that this is an obstacle to performance.

Actually, the opposite is happening. Manufacturers have tuned their diesel engines so that DEF really optimizes combustion.

That means better fuel efficiency, more power, less machine wear and high reliability.

And there is another myth:

DEF evaporates quickly. (Actually, it evaporates very slowly.)

This is a bottleneck on mileage. (In fact, it offers better mileage than most other emission reduction systems The manufacturer estimates a five percent mileage.)

It’s poisonous. (Actually, this is less toxic than many other liquids used in the vehicle, and has been used for many years in commercial trucks and ag industries.)

Some Warnings
While DEF is good for newer machines with DEF systems, there is no point in old diesel engines lacking such a system.

And DEF should not be added directly to fuel. It’s corrosive and can reduce your fuel system to a worthless piece.

That’s why some manufacturers give access beneath to the system. The others provide a separate filler neck next to the fuel cap.

Either way, if you suspect your fuel has been contaminated with DEF, do not ignite the ignition to the accessories, which can activate the fuel system.

Instead, take the withdrawn vehicle, without starting, to the workshop. Ask them to flush the fuel tank, then again enjoy the power of diesel, torque, and possible reliability

Can Marijuana Slow Your Brain’s Aging Process?

Less than 10 years ago, marijuana was illegal everywhere in the United States. Yet, today more and more states are recognizing the medicinal benefits of marijuana. And legalizing it.

As marijuana becomes more acceptable, more studies have been done and the news is astounding. Why? Because new studies show that medical marijuana can actually slow down your brain’s aging process.

Excited? Read on.

How Does Medical Marijuana Slow Aging?
As everyone knows, with the increase of age, our memory performance decreases. It’s just a natural side effect of getting older. Or is it? Do humans have to accept getting older or is there something to be done?

This latest research, by scientists from University of Bonn and Hebrew University, shows that humans may be able to help prevent brain function from slowing as they grow older.

How?

THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana has been shown to boost memory, learning, and cognitive function in older mice.

It is important to note that the dosage of THC administered to the mice was so small that there was no intoxicating effect on them.

How Was the Experiment Performed?
There were three testing groups of mice used while conducting this scientific experiment. Each group represented mice at a certain age. The experiment lasted approached four weeks.

The three groups used were 2 months, one year, and 18 months. Some mice were given a placebo while other mice were given small doses of THC.

Each group of mice solved a water maze.

The mice were tested for:

Learning Capacity
Memory Performance
Orientation Skills
Recognition of Other Mice
What Were the Results of THC with the Test Groups?
After four weeks of conducting this experiment, the results were astonishing.

Researchers found that:

18 Months With No THC: Older mice who were not given THC during this experiment showed difficulty recognizing familiar objects. They also experienced difficulty navigating the maze.
18 Months With THC: Those very mice who were given THC actually scored very similarly to the younger, more vibrant mice. And they did so for an entire month after the dosing stopped.
However, the youngest group of mice who were administered the THC appeared to decline in their cognitive abilities.

Why? Because both under stimulation and over stimulate is harmful. Meaning that in young mice, the endogenous cannabinoid system is already pretty active so adding THC simply overstimulated the mice until their cognitive function declined. The same is true for young people.

One wonders what impact is going to be on current cannabis stocks.

What Do These Findings Mean?
“The treatment completely reversed the loss of performance in the old animals,” Prof. Andreas Zimmer from the Institute of Molecular Psychiatry at the University of Bonn and member of the Cluster of Excellence ImmunoSensation.

Great, THC reverses loss of performance in old animals, but what does that mean for humans?

It means that THC is stimulating the brain’s endocannabinoid system.

What is an Endocannabinoid System?
The endocannabinoid system is a biochemical pathway that slows down with aging. It’s located within the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nervous system. Its receptors help regulate memory, mood, appetite, and pain.

The human body actually makes its own cannabinoids. They help regulate what is being neurotransmitted. When THC is inhaled or ingested into the system, it competes with the body’s own cannabinoids for the receptors.

This is what leads to changes in which signals are released.

This study is sure to lead to more studies on the myriad health benefits of medical marijuana.

Three Things to Consider When Buying a New Patio Door

Three Things to Consider When Buying a New Patio Door

Changing your patio doors can be a great way to update your home. You may find that your patio door is expired, or is no longer opened and closed properly. Even worse, it could be let in draft in extreme weather or even let moisture after rain falls. This problem can cause prints and higher energy bills. There’s probably nothing wrong with your patio door, but you’re just looking for a change. If it’s time to change your patio door, then here are some things to consider.
material

Three Things to Consider When Buying a New Patio Door

You need to find out what kind of material you want to have at your sliding door replacement in Decatur. You may want something good to prevent the elements when it’s hot outside. If so, you will probably want thicker material. On the other hand, you may need something that is not that thick so it’s easier to get into your space. Knowing these things beforehand can help make your decision easier.

Define Your Style

You have to decide if you want a door or two. Most commonly, the patio doors contain two doors, but this may not be a viable option if you have limited space. If you have a smaller room, then you may want a single patio door only. You might decide to have a sliding door instead. This can be a good choice as it takes up less space and does not block its course. Can also be less inconvenient to open and close.

Color

Another thing to decide when deciding on replacement of your sliding patio doors in Decatur is the color. Depending on the room the sliding door comes in, the colors you decide can be highly dependent. Although you can paint your door later, it would be very beneficial to have it in the right color from the beginning. This can save time and money. If you want a prominent terrace door, then you can choose bright colors like blue or green. If you want something a little more subtle, it might be better to stick with a more neutral tone like white, gray, or brown.

Making this decision can help you decide what kind of patio doors you want. Knowing this ahead of time can make replacement of your sliding door in Decatur easier. Three Things to Consider When Buying a New Patio Door

7 Marijuana Medical Reason is a Cure We Have Been Looking For

 

Medical marijuana: from nausea to epilepsy to nervous pain, the people around him feel relieved from their use. This is why the care we need.
If you’ve watched the news lately, chances are you’ve heard the term “medical marijuana” a little more than once or twice …

And this is for a good reason! Many countries have encouraged marijuana research to find out how it can actually help us overcome many medical problems.

In some areas, pharmacies are opened and people can regulate their condition with natural remedies – drugs that have less side effects than traditional recipes.

It’s time to review why medical marijuana is the drug we’ve been looking for all these years.

We have collected 7 reasons why medical marijuana can be what you are looking for to overcome your symptoms:

Is medical marijuana the medicine we need? Here are 7 reasons why!
It helps with nausea

Whether a person suffers from nausea because they are undergoing chemotherapy treatment or they experience nausea as a symptom of another illness, medical marijuana can help.

Apparently it proved to help calm the stomach for those who experience nausea.

How? Marijuana, THC in particular, has been found to bind to receptors in the brain to reduce pain and discomfort (including nausea) by increasing endocannabinoids us.

It helps with pain and swelling

As we touch in the previous section, cannabis can help the pain and swelling.

Endocannabinoids are found naturally in our body and naturally help with uncomfortable symptoms. However, cannabinoids in marijuana have been shown to increase this effect and even increase the immune system’s response to inflammation.

Medical marijuana can help with fibromyalgia

This is very important: medical marijuana has shown that it can help people with chronic diseases control their lives again.

Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disease accompanied by stiffness, fatigue, and sometimes depression. Currently less controlled with traditional recipes, yet many people have experienced relief from the pain-relieving factors of cannabis.

Chron disease and gastrointestinal problems can be better managed

If you have ever had a horrible stomach insect, you already feel what it’s like to live with Chron’s disease and other inflammatory bowel diseases.

This problem is not a mild joke because they stop people from normal life and instead cause it to live with severe stomach pain and symptoms like diarrhea.

Chron sufferers experience these symptoms to a higher level, but the use of marijuana causes some people to experience forgiveness.

Medical marijuana to control and stop the spasms and pain associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract through, of course, the endocannabinoid system!

This is associated with helping control epilepsy

These stories have become news and medical research that supports them: medical marijuana can help epilepsy and seizures.

In this study, 40% of patients experienced seizure decrease after 8-12 weeks of marijuana use. At the end of the study, 9% were completely free from seizures!

Depression can be overcome without an adverse prescription

Depression is a difficult medical problem under control because it is often associated with a chemical imbalance.

But fortunately medical marijuana has been proven to be helpful. Depression tends to lower the level of endocannabinoids in our brain, and THC is able to raise these levels to help alleviate depression.

Why You Should Get a Vape Stater Kit and Start Vaping

Why You Should Get a Vape Stater Kit and Start Vaping

Vaping has become the biggest catch phrase of this generation. Vaper has become an entirely new genre of people who share the same interests.

No more children smoking under the bench. No longer adults need to walk 500 feet from their occupation to get a smoke break.

Vaping has become a safe middle ground that allows individuals who have had nicotine to appreciate the calming effects provided by electronic cigarettes.

For many people, the act of smoking has always been about 2 main actions: getting nicotine and appreciating the calming effects associated with smoking.

Vaping has taken these two drivers of smoking and created an alternative opportunity – with just far less nicotine.

Instead of strolling into a local store to explore the wide selection of nicotine and tarred cigarettes, vapers need only a vape starter kit and some juices to suit their tastes.

Get the Vape Starter Kit and Give Vaping a Try
Save some money

Every heavy smoker knows that buying a pack or a carton of cigarettes can be very expensive.

Depending on how much a person smokes, the small cigarette packets can make a big dent in the budget!

Not so much with vaping!

Sure. There is a startup fee, but with only one vape starter kit – the savings start immediately.

Be an expert

Vaping is not just a hobby or a way to unwind. Vaping has become a lifestyle choice.

Vape shops are popping up all over the world, and with those stores carrying a kind of affinity vape status to those who appreciate all the vaping offers.

Knowing about vaping is one thing. Being an expert is an entirely different approach to the growing vape phenomenon. Why You Should Get a Vape Stater Kit and Start Vaping

Plus, the world needs people to help clarify the difference between all the different vape starter kit options.

With names like Smoking Alien, Joyetech ATOPACK Penguin, Innokin Oceanus – understanding the difference between each of the vape starter kits are experts, for sure.

Hang with other vapers

Vaping has created a new community type for people who have ever used chain smoking or just appreciate all the vaping has to offer.

Avid smokers can always have a ‘smoke break’ conversation or stand outside a non-smoking company.

The same thing happens with the vapers all over the planet.

Stop smelling like smoke

For anyone who wants to smoke but hates the smell left over – vaping has eliminated that problem altogether.

As soon as the vape starter kit has been purchased, the world flavors await.

There are hundreds of thousands of different e-juice juices available with varying levels of nicotine and nicotine altogether.

It’s a bit more diverse than the typical menthol and regular flavor of a regular cigarette.

The best part – there is no lasting cigarette smell attached to clothing or leather.

Relax and enjoy life Why You Should Get a Vape Stater Kit and Start Vaping

One of the many interesting things about the growing vaping population is the sheer relaxation to appreciate the e-cigarette lifestyle.

Vaping allows people to relax and enjoy life by continuing their smoke-like actions, only without the judgment and judgment of nonsmokers.

For anyone who chooses to live a different nicotine lifestyle, and even for those who are not at all interested in nicotine – grab a vape starter kit and follow the relaxers revolution.

Take a break vape and experience a new way to let go and appreciate life.

Former U.S. prosecutors: Despite White House statements, Russian probe is just beginning

Former U.S. prosecutors: Despite White House statements, Russian probe is just beginning
White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders insists that she expects Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 election “to conclude soon,” after two indictments were handed down and a guilty plea was filed on Monday.

However, two former U.S. prosecutors are saying those developments suggest the very opposite: That things are just getting going.

Commentary: Do not get your hopes up about Mueller
“We are at the beginning,” former Assistant U.S. Attorney Julie Myers Wood told CBS News Chief White House correspondent Major Garrett and political director Steve Chaggaris on this week’s episode of “The Takeout.”

 

Listen to this episode on Stitcher
“We’re at the bottom of the second inning of a long game,” Wood’s husband, former U.S. Attorney John Wood added.

 

“I think that people at the White House ought to be nervous. ”

Meanwhile, President Trump insists that he’s not the target of Mueller’s investigation and that Monday’s charges “have nothing to do with us.” He told the New York Times Wednesday, “I do not even investigate, as you know.

But, John Wood points out, “We do not know if he’s being investigated,” adding that because Mueller’s team has not leaked very much to reporters, there’s a lot we do not know about the investigation. And if the president is not being investigated, that does not mean he will not be roped into the investigation itself, Wood said.

“In terms of whether the president will have to testify, my guess would be that he will end up testifying in some form. up being a witness to something that would be of interest concerning the campaign. “

5 Beautiful Walk Walk Garden Ideas for Your Home

 

This summer, do not leave flowers that look ho-hum.

Check out these 5 beautiful garden path tips.

1. Take the First Step
The stone walkways are always stylish. They appeal to everyone – especially children. They love using it for their summer lime art!

The stones come in different colors. You can choose the one that best suits your style.

Consisting of large rocks placed on gravel, this pathway allows you more creativity and flexibility in your page design. You can put gravel in whatever form you like.

You can also decide if your path will be a single file, or if it will accommodate two people side by side for a leisurely stroll. Single file paths are usually used for access around the home side, or to a warehouse, for example.

2. Leading the Way
The park path is not about getting from point A to point B. They are enjoying the journey.

The winding road through the beautiful gardens is healthy for you. They help your brain relax. Create peace in your home garden by using a curved track.

Curved paths create a sense of calm. They can also help a few small yards feel bigger because of the prolonged spaces of movement. This informal line works best when surrounded by lush vegetation. Plants that stand about 6 inches to 1 foot in height are very suitable.

Try large, hairy plants such as lavender or mondo grass to help perfect your quiet garden space.

3. Stay Straight and Narrow
The straight path provides a more formal vibe. They are paired with colonial-style homes and larger courtyards, though they work well with any space.

Lean to a plant that you can trim and set. Box boxes and patterned hat sheets all fitted with crisp and clean lines from straight paths.

To add interest, consider the trellis covered with colorful flowers. Those with larger yards may invest in water facilities or small pools.

Small page Setting pavers on diagonal will lengthen space. You can even grow the moss between them to feel smooth.

4. Select your Palette
Whether you decide to create a zen garden or a garden inspired by Versailles, it is important to choose the material that suits your theme.

Different shapes, textures, and colors of each stone can give different nuances. For a comfortable sensation, add plenty of texture, asymmetrical shapes, and deep, rich colors.

Going formal? Try a corner, flat pavers in a neutral shade.

5. Mix It Up
Some of the best parks are a blend of styles. Try breaking the rules. Combine textures and colors (such as slate slate and red brick) for a surprising pop color.

Did you know that pebbles come in color? Blend in bright and unconventional colors and patterns to enhance your creativity.

Landscape Quality Perks Perks

Landscape Quality Perks Perks

Instead of going with a creeping plastic or metal landscape, many homeowners are now turning to a functioning concrete landscape instead. And there’s a good reason why quality concrete markings for lawns and gardens make smart in homes in the United States and around the world. Not only does concrete have the durability that ensures the long-term look of your page, this is a much more exciting solution for the short term as well. Many people wonder about what a steep landscape is, and here’s the guide.
What is Landscape Curbing?

 

Simply curbing describes the fields in landscape design. The clean edges determine and separate the lawns from the garden beds, driveways and terraces. With concrete restraints, you receive an attractive and affordable permanent edging solution. This is also a very versatile solution, which means you can change the settings and contents of your page without worrying whether the restraint will suit the new style. We can further assess some of the benefits associated with using the confinement to improve the look of your landscape and why it is becoming so popular.

Curbing Benefits

Thanks to the new installation method, the process is very fast and leaves almost no mess. Everything is done automatically and this presents a permanent solution. You do not have to worry to keep or touch the edges. Even if you stay in the same house for ten or twenty years, the edge will stand the test of time.

Another reason to follow this method is because how you can avoid pruning and weeding at any time. It also saves you money, as you will preserve the blanket material. And because crawling also prevents erosion and helps irrigation, it is ideal for those who want the perfect green grass or neat beds or shrubs.

This is an ideal barrier to invasive roots and provides a perfect boundary for your lawn, porch or driveway. If you feel as though your page has some potential but no definite structure and boundaries, add a restriction on your landscape design is the perfect solution. Everything is elevated, both in terms of growth and stability, but also in terms of how the page looks.

Concrete vs. Other Options

The main challenge is deciding whether you want to go with concrete or stick with plastic or metal. Although metals and plastics are more popular in the past, concrete is now the top choice – and with good reason.

Concrete will not rust, rotten, broken or shifted. He remains vibrant in appearance and strong in his foundation. It will survive in all types of climate, which means it is the perfect solution wherever you live. If you want to have a landscape retrograde to your front or back yard, just contact the curbing company or fence in your area. They will persuade you through this process, and they can even show you some pictures of how the yard will look with confinement settings. Landscape Quality Perks Perks

 

How to Prepare Your Pool for a Party

How to Prepare Your Pool for a Party

If you want to take advantage of the stunning summer weather by having a fun pool party, you should make sure your pool is ready for your guests. This means more than just hanging ornaments and out of chairs and umbrellas. You must be sure your pool water is safe and clean. We recommend calling the pool maintenance service in Cumming to handle this, but here’s what to do.
Shock

How to Prepare Your Pool for a Party

The pool needs to be surprised about a week before your party. The amount used should be measured carefully. It is based on the amount of water in your pool and the type of pool pool you use. This will help to get rid of algal growth and clean water. Any use of chemicals is best left to the professional because too many chemicals can cause serious health effects for pool users. So, you may want to at least check with the pool maintenance service at Cumming before trying to surprise yourself, especially if you’ve never done it before.

Treat

You may also want to take care of water to get rid of skin oil, hair and other pollutants that end up in the water after people swim. After heavy use, the pool can begin to develop an oily layer above it, which is not something one wants to jump on. So, you can use enzymes to help get rid of organic matter that decreases the quality of your pond water.

Explain

Before the party, can help add clarification. This will help reduce the water mist that you can develop with many uses. If you have a smaller filter, it acts as a helper and can prevent your fitler from working hard or not being able to clean water properly. It will also brighten water and ensure fog or dull is removed. How to Prepare Your Pool for a Party

5 Smart Investment Management Tips

Are you just starting to invest in your retirement? Have you invested but not sure if you did it right? Do you want to have control over your finances and understand what your accountant is talking about?

If you answered yes to these questions, you have come to the right place!

Read on for five smart investment management tips that will help you build egg nests and rest in style.

Start Early and Go to Your Plan
It is best to start saving once you get to work. Even if your job does not offer a 401 (k) plan, you can open an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) or a self managed super fund and invest your monthly income percentage there.

Once you have an investment plan in place, be sure to stick with it. It’s tempting to make drastic changes during difficult times. However, sticking to your plan will produce even better results on the road.

Keep the Cost Low
If you are new to the investment world, it is important to start a small business and keep it as much as possible. Look for discount brokerage firms, and consider index funds as they have lower costs.

Another way to save costs is to focus on long-term investments.

It can be tempting to buy and sell in response to market ups and downs. But, you will probably accumulate a lot of commission fees and management fees. Long-term investments also help prevent significant cash losses if your stock goes down in price.

Keeping Liquidity
Some people love the sensation of taking big risks with their investments. If you are just starting out, you can feel anxious about seeing your stock price repeatedly up and down.

One way that you can cope with this stress is to make sure you always have liquid reserves to cover your short-term expenses. Knowing that you still have enough money to pay your bills will help you manage your investments better. You also tend to over-react when the market is very volatile.

Invest gradually
It is also important to be disciplined and consistent in terms of putting money into your investment. Invest a steady amount of money through the full market cycle. This will help you better than trying to give time to the market, especially when you are a beginner.

Diversification
A diversified portfolio will help you manage your risk better. Instead of putting all your money into one category, invest in a mix of conservative stocks, stocks with long-term growth potential, and stocks that offer better profits but have a higher potential risk.

By diversifying, you ensure that your overall portfolio is not seriously affected when one share goes down. A diversified portfolio may not necessarily lead to the greatest monetary gain. But, steady growth is definitely better than extreme losses.

Remember, it’s never too early to start making smart investment decisions. Keep these tips in mind, whether you’re just getting started or just want to make some positive investment management changes, and you’ll soon be successful!